Friday 29 June 2018

Emperor Aurangzeb Fell in Love

Aurangzeb in love!!!.One would be surprised to come across love story which hardly matched his personality.This is about love affair of one of the most prominent Mughal Emperors, Aurangzeb (1618-1707) who ruled over India for 49 years (1658-1707).Aurangzeb fell in love at first sight with Hira Bai.

The Story goes on as……

Emperor Shah Jahan had personally led his forces to Deccan in 1631. During this campaign, his wife Mumtaz Mahal died at Burhanpur. She was temporarily buried in the city before her mortal remains were moved (1648) to the Taj Mahal in Agra. Shahjahan the Emperor was in deep mourning due to her death.

Aurangzeb in his court

While retiring from the area in grief, he appointed Aurangzeb, then Prince Muhi-ud-Din only fourteen years of age, as governor of Deccan. The Prince set up court at Kirki at 220 km south east of Burhanpur on the right bank of river Tapti, later (1653) he renamed it Aurangabad. 

In 1636, Aurangzeb was travelling to Kirki, the place of his court (now known as Aurangabad) from Delhi and decided to make a stop at Burhanpur to pay respect to his maternal aunt, Salah Bano, sister of Mumtaz Mahal. His aunt was married to Khan-e-Zaman Saif Khan, Subedar of Burhanpur, Commander of Artillery.

There in the garden, Aurangzeb’s eyes locked on to one girl who was holding a branch of a tree and humming a tune…

“Since Aurangzeb was a member of the family, the ladies of the harem of the Subedar were not in total seclusion.There in the garden, Aurangzeb’s eyes locked on to one girl who was holding a branch of a tree and humming a tune.

Aurangzeb was mesmerized and dazzled by the sweet melody and striking beauty of the girl. He sank to the ground and then, visibly disoriented, lay down, unable to stand on his feet.” 
Hira Bai--Love of Aurangzeb

When her aunt was informed about his condition, she was perturbed and came running bare footed. She sat down beside her nephew trying to revive him. After a little while, he regained his bearings. Despite her urging, he didn’t disclose the reason for his discomfiture.A despondent and grief-stricken feeling prevailed in the house and the feast was disrupted.

Around midnight, when Aurangzeb was composed enough, he went over to his aunt and told her the reason for his affliction. On hearing about the girl, she became tormented and distraught. She told him that the girl is a dancer and signer by the name of Hira Bai and was called Zainabadi for belonging to a local village of that name.

She lamented that her husband was very harsh. She feared that on hearing that Aurangzeb was interested in his concubine, he might respond violently.
Young Aurangzeb 
Since Saif Khan knew about the harem of Aurangzeb, he wanted Chattar Bai, a concubine of Aurangzeb in exchange. Salah Bano went to Aurangzeb and conveyed the message which was agreeable to the Prince. 

Certainly, Aurangzeb had started enjoying music and dance during that time.

It is recorded in contemporary resources that Aurangzeb was extremely pleased and merry in the company of his love. He even lost some of his extremist or puritanical leanings. Hirabai’s looks, combined with her musical accomplishments, proved irresistible for the prince.

Once Hira Bai wanted to test Aurangzeb’s love for her, she offered him a glass of wine and when he was about to drink, Hira Bai took it away. Another version is Aurangzeb started drinking with her and enjoyed music and dance in her company.

Alas, this love was not to last. Hira Bai soon fell sick and died. She is buried in Aurangabad. Aurangzeb gave up music and wine after her death. Aurangzeb built masjid and Mala in her name. Zainabad is in Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh.

Aurangzeb made a vow never to drink wine, nor to listen to music again. In later days he was accustomed to say that God had been very gracious to him by putting an end to that dancing-girl’s life, by reason of which he had committed so many iniquities. Perhaps his heart died with the passing away of his one true love – Hira Bai Zainabadi.

Tomb of Aurangzeb in Ahmadnagar
Aurangzeb died in 1707 at Ahmednagar. His body was then carried to Khuldabad .There is a platform over the tomb made of red stone, less than three yards in length. There is also a "cavity" in the middle which measures a "few fingers". The tomb has been covered with soil on which herbs grow.

Lord Curzon later covered the site with marble and surrounded it with a "pierced marble screen". The tomb is roofed by "the vault of the sky".The gateway and the domed porch was added in 1760.

Tomb of Aurangzeb (From Wikipedia with Thanks)

It is said that Aurangzeb paid for his burial place by stitching caps during his last years and that it cost only 14 rupees and 12 annas. The tomb is "remarkably simple in keeping with Aurangzeb's own wishes". Aurangzeb's full name is written on a marble plate located in one of the corners of the tomb.(From Wikipedia)

This ended the love story of Aurangzeb who as Mughal prince fell in love and later a ruthless Mughal emperor on a sober note.

This Love Story of Aurangzeb and Hira Bai Zainabadi has been compiled with help of materials and photos available on net and posted by Engr Maqbool Akram.

Friday 22 June 2018

Women Managers are better bosses:An asset to organisation.

Women Manager are Good Bosses
In the battle of sexes, a recent study shows that women managers are emerging as better bosses and are proving asset to their organisation. But does this power of women overthrows a man from his throne? Today, both men and women are exposed to equal opportunities and liberties. The world has started accepting the fact that women are not just an object which is to be used and throw.
In fact at every level, more women managers were rated by their peers, their bosses, their direct reports, and their other associates as better overall bosses than their male counterparts. At all managerial levels women outscored men in leadership skills and competency.A study finds that women managers are better bosses.They encourage a positive team environment and provide employees with better career opportunities.

Women Manager are better Bosses
Now, let's have a look on why “Women Managers are better bosses, and asset to organization”.

1-Women managers  Bosses are  better  in  boosting  employee engagement?

Women can boost employee engagement at a much higher rate than their male counterparts.The report, based on 40 years of data, shows that 87 percent of professionals feel disengaged at work. And that’s a big problem — since unhappy employees are more likely to walk right over to the competition. The bottom line: If you want to be a great boss, you need to engage your employees. Scroll on for three tips for doing just that.

Women Manager are Better Bosses

Women are likely to push their employees and encourage them to go above and beyond. It’s also quick to point out these female bosses are making sure that their employees have interesting work that challenges them and deepens their skillset. Take note, ladies.

2.Women Manager Bosses  are Good communicators

A better communication can build a strong relationship.Women are better listeners than men, and this is exactly the skill that is most critical for managing employees and customers.Men communicates through activities rather than conversations.
Employees want their managers to hear their point of view, and customers want everyone to empathize with their problems. Being a better communicator will lead to a stronger relationship built on trust, which is critical to establishing loyalty.
Women Manager Bosses have more Patience
3.Women Manager Bosses have more patience 
Women have a skill of being more patient with the employees than the male boss. Women do not jump into a conclusion quickly and does not make a decision hastily. Winners have the tendency to wait for a long period for the desired result. 
4.Women Manager Bosses have Stronger ethics 
 Every organization needs to follow a set a codes and ethics for its proper functioning. A female boss tends to follow a stronger ethics and yet maintain a friendly environment. Women who are effective managers consider the rights of others in the pursuit of fairness
5.Women Manager Bosses are Good listners
Most of the times, a male boss fails to hear the personal problems of an employee. You can speak out your heart to your female boss as she has the patience to hear it. It can improve the relationship between an employee and employer. 
5.Women Manager Bosses are Better community builders. 
Women are better consensus builders and don’t have the need like men to direct everyone in what to do.
Best managers are learning to lead through the influence that comes from building collaboration rather than straight force or all out competition.

Women Manager Bosses are better Community Builders
6.Women Manager Bosses are Better at activating passion.

Women are “more astute about knowing how to activate passion in their employees. They watch the 43 muscles in your face and see how your emotions change.”

7. Women Manager Bosses haveTransparency: 
As a woman, you’re ahead of the game: female managers cultivate an open-office environment much more than male managers. Employees, especially millennial employees, are curious (and rightly so!). They want to know why a particular client is so important, why a new deck needs to be created, and why you’re asking them to work late in order to do so. You need to give them answers. The more in-tune they are with the business; the better they’ll be at their job.

If you can point out that their marketing research helped secure a multi-million dollar client, they’ll be more willing to go the extra mile in the future. Plus, they’ll also have a clearer picture of how to do the work you set out for them.

8.Women Manager Bosses have Positive Feedback:
Let’s be real: No one wants to feel like their work is going unnoticed. Make a point to write encouraging emails to your employees, highlight their accomplishments during company-wide meetings, or high-five them in the hallway so that other coworkers are aware of the great things they’ve been doing for the company. 

Though men rule the world, it is said that behind every successful man, there is a woman. There was a time, when women used to sit at home and look after the household works and her family. 

Time has changed and so have the women. The experiences and sufferings of a woman make her a strong person and change her into a super woman, super mom or a super boss.
Women Manager are Better Bosses
Time has come that women should explore themselves more and more with and should prove that they are not less than man in this competitive world. 

Definitely, today, women managers make a better boss than men and proving themselves asset to organisation.Female boss can also help to prevent the sexual harassment in their office. Give a big salute to those women who achieved the position of a boss, not for ruling others, but for achieving the throne with their hard work and confidence.
A happy Woman Boss
This is a write-up:”Women Managers are better bosses: An asset to organization”, has been shared by Sheeba Siddiqui as guest Blogger. Sheeba Siddiqui is a HR Expert.Posted by Engr Maqbool Akram. Photos are taken from different sources at Net with thanks.

Monday 18 June 2018

Magic Of First Look: Pahli Nazar Keya Asar Kar Gayi

You feel strongest when someone is there for you to stand by you, when you are about to loose. A single word of appreciation, some times a first look proves a magical effect.The magic of first look has power to change the failure into success. In urdu it may be said as“Pehli Nazar Keya Asar Kar Gayi”.This story narrates the same” magic of first look”.
Magic of First Look--Pahli Nazar ka Asar

Arshad was sitting in balcony of his flat.It stopped raining few hours before. The pits in compound were filled with rain water.Boys of colony were out from houses to enjoy first rain of the season.One by one a group of boys were trying long jump over water filled pit which was shallow and not very wide.Most of them failed to cross and were felling in water.

Boys Jumping over Drain

Oh!!It was some thing the same, the same evening after rain that flashed out in his memory. That was a huge compound of Nawab of a small state.Surrounded by residential houses on two sides. A cemented tennis court in mid. There was a small fountain too and a small garden having mango, Kathal, Chikoo, guava, papaya and a grove of henna plants  at one corner  a tube well and  water tank at one end of garden.

Boys of the Compound were standing at drain and enjoying the turbulent water flow.Some boys prepared paper boats and left in drain to flow completely without anchor, at the mercy of the wind and waves. Small kids were collecting velvet mites in small glass bottles. This came out in large numbers after rain.
Kids playing with Water Boat
Velvet Mites
Arshad proposed his friends to cross the drain in one jump. Every boy would get three chances to show the skill. Ok, it was greeted by 8 boys with cheer. There were small stone pebbles on both bank of drain. Drain was not deep, if foot didn’t touch ground at other bank; chances were to fell in water with some injury. 

Competition started, one by one boys came running and jumped over but fell in drain. Arshad too fell in drain in his first trials.Most of the boys left jumping challange to cross the drain in second chance.

Chapaak!!! He lost his balance and again fell in water. His trouser was torn at knee, hand was injured by stone pebbles, half body at other bank and half in water.It was competence that his head didn’t touch the earth otherwise  it may be cracked.
Magic Of First Look

Arshad turned back to leave challenge, suddenly he glanced Farhat in black scarf over her head.She was sitting at cemented plate form under heavy shade of old Banyan tree with her sisters. “It means she is watching him” He thought.

The magical Arrow of first glance was pierced.He was drenched with a deep feeling of oneness, world suddenly seemed warmer, brighter and more welcoming.Now his resolution was to win.The dullness sublimed and a magic was inside him. Presence of Farhat was meaningful for him.Pehli Nazar Keya Asar Kar Gayi. Alluring gaze has intoxicated him.

He again prepared himself to jump over drain.He took away his wet shoes  striped off shirt, folded pants over, took a long running start up, bounced in air. With in a blink he was at other side of drain.He cried “I did, I did...I have crossed drain” and laid flat on earth. Farhat was unable to understand, why he is so overjoyed.He has simply crossed a drain in one jump. Arshad burbled himself “I won because she was here’’.

Magic Of First Look---Unki Pahli Nazar Keya Aasar Kar Gayi

He was a student of high school. Farhat in class viii, came with her parents to live in this colony.Her father was a govt officer and his job was transferable from one city to other.

After some years her father was transferred to a new posting place. From that day black scarfed Farhat with waving hand was etched in his memory for ever.This memory proved his strength and courage at dark moments of his life as a shining star in a dark night.

After completing Law graduation, he joined judiciary service. Farhat's memory proved always a symbol of protection for him.By passing time he became a Judge of supreme court.Her memory proved always a symbol of inspiration for him.Even after decades he was feeling himself debtor of Farhat.

Today a case was for hearing in his court, which petitioner lost in lower courts. The case was between a widow and her in laws over a property rights .They were adamant to strip her with all property rights of her late husband and throw on road.

Arshad entered in court room and glanced  the audience in court. Ouch!!! Black scarfed Farhat was in them “his symbol of strength”. She did’t waved her hand.There is a saying, “Eyes are the windows to the soul”.True love doesn't need proof, and the eyes told what heart felt”. Only in the eyes of love you can find infinity.”

It was the moment to get rid of his debt “The magic of her first look”. That look which proved a mile stone, a turning point of his life.After hearing, his judgement was in favor of Farhat the real heir of her late husband.

There is only one thing powerful enough to defeat all... “The power of love.Some times it comes as magic of first look. 
Written and posted by Engr Maqbool Akram. Photos with thanks are from sources available on Net.

Saturday 9 June 2018

Rival Brother Kamran Mirza of Humayun: “Rivalry” The Turning Point Of Indian History

Humayun's Tomb in Delhi-India
One very well known rivalry was between Humayun (1508-1556) and his step-brother, Kamran Mirza .He always back stabbed Humayun and generous Humayun always used to forgive him.

Humaun got challenges by his younger brothers and by Afghan generals, who had served under his father. His enemies were not Hindus but his own Muslims.

Humayun defeated his brother Kamran Mirza in Kabul
Mughal custom all royal princes were equally entitled to inherit power, which led to many rivalries in later years when Mughal princes fought each other until the most competent, the most ruthless, or simply the luckiest ascended the throne."

The throne inherited by Humayun was not a bed of roses. Babur had practically got no time to consolidate his position and authority.
(1)-Babur had four children by Maham Begum, of whom only one survived infancy. This was his eldest son and heir, Humayun.
(2)-Gulrukh bore Babur two sons, Kamran and Askari.

(3)-Dildar Begum was the mother of Babur's youngest son, Hindal.

In accordance with the wishes of his father Babur, Humaun gave Sambhal to Askari, and Alwar to Hindal. As regards Kamran, he gave him the provinces of Kabul and Kandahar.

Babur the second Moghul (1508-1556)

Inspite of this, Kamran was not satisfied. He attacked Punjab nd brought the whole of the Punjab under his control. Humayun did not fight with Kamran and gave the Province of the Punjab to him. 

This possession of vital military importance gave Kamran control over the high road between Delhi and Punjab.It was a suicide attempt by Humayun.

Humaun was deprived of the source from which he could have recruited his new army. He was left only with the empire which was newly conquered and over which his hold was not secure.
Humaun in  Asylum of Shah Tahmasp in Persia.
After this, in 1540, Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah Suri at the Battle of Kannauj and exiled from the country. The only place where he could seek refuge was at Kabul, which was ruled by Kamran, but he did not have any intention of giving up Kabul. Finally he got refuge under Shah Tahmasp in Persia.
Humaun in Court of Shah Tahmasp of Persia

But Kamran here too, tried to bribe Tahmasp that he would give him Kandahar, if he handed over Humayun to him. But Tahmasp the king of Persia, helped Humayun, and Humayun defeated Kamran, and established his rule over Kabul.

After facing defeat, Kamran yet again conspired against his brother and went to Islam Shah in Delhi, Sher Shah Suri’s son. But Islam Shah arrested Kamran and handed him over to Humayun.
The End Of Kamran Mirza
This time too Humayun tried to forgive his traitorous brother, but others advised him against it, which included their sister, Gulbadan Begum. Kamran had negotiated and ordered his blinding instead – a punishment that had been carried out by piercing Kamran’s eyes with the sharp end of a spear and then pouring salt and lime into the wound.The merciful Humayun refrained from killing his brother. He blinded him and dispatched him to Mecca.
Captured and blinded as a traitor to the throne, Kamran is believed to have lived out his remaining days with his young son and wife, Mah-chuchak Begum Arghun. Breathing his last a year after the death of his brother, Humayun, in 1556.

The End Of Hindal Mirza,And Askari Mirza 
The other two brothers, Hindal and Askari, were weak and shifty tools in the hands of Humayun's opponents. His cousins also opposed him. Instead of dealing with his enemies firmly one after another, he divided his forces, weakened them and wasted time in merry making.
Hindal Mirza, the most disloyal of his siblings, died fighting on behalf of Kamran Mirza.This killing turned the sentiments of the royal family against Kamran.
 His brother Askari Mirza was shackled in chains at the behest of his nobles and aides. He was allowed go on Hajj, and died en route in the desert outside Damascus.

Restoration of  his Throne

Meanwhile Sher Shah Suri died in 1545, and his son and successor also died within a few years of his father in 1554. Sensing the opportunity Humaun gathered a large army which he placed under the leadership of Bairam Khan. He led the army and successfully laid claim to the throne for the Mughals. Once again Humayun claimed Babur’s throne on 23 July 1555.
But his period of happiness was short lived, just six months after the ceremonial accession to the throne of Delhi, Humayun met with an accident in his library and died three days later on 25th February 1556.
Written and posted by Engr Maqbool Akram, with the help of materials available on Net and Wikipedia,photos are also from net with thanks